Singularities – David Martsolf – 1981 and 2014
In “Conversations with Einstein” we discussed how the limits of our potentially observable universe took on the appearance of the inner surface of a black hole, its event horizon viewed from the inside, due to the effects of relativity operating on the physically observable events within this universe. We also noted that if you could observe out far enough you would reach the state of singularity and that it would be an extremely large event horizon since we can find it by looking outward along any radian from our observational position.
The question as to what came before the singularity or how the concept of singularity actually works in our cosmos leaves a lot to the imagination. What we need is a perpetual motion machine. Having the universe spring from a singularity to end up as an infinite volume of empty space scattershot with black holes of varying sizes can only mean that some variable is as yet unaccounted for. Somewhere we need the constant and conserved interaction of forces that recreate each other.
My favorite construction is one where the singularity represents a particle such as an electron in an atom bathed in the theories of quantum mechanics. In such a scenario the particle is a very temporary object whose appearance and disappearance is proscribed by its wave and field properties and the interjection of any other force applied to its atomic system. This situation is similar to the description of a perfect wave in a perfect storm where smaller waves advance from all directions to briefly sum together to create a giant standing wave that then disappears as all the wave forces that joined pass through each other, carrying their momentum in the form of liquid water with them.
The Schrodinger-Born wave mechanics show how particles appear. It should also be apparent that the same description demands that there be moving loci of canceled wave packets. Today there are theories that cover every conceivable variation of cosmological possibilities using the laws we know of around our local area. From the flood of information coming from the far reaches of space and its form it seems that the general rules hold true there as well. As far as what is really happening on a macroscopic scale it would appear foolish to assume that the universe through telescopes is the largest scale of the absolute continuum.
We may certainly say that just as transformations between quantum and field properties occur at the nuclear level so then could the entire gravitational field of our universe act as a particle in some higher order of either quantum or field reality (1981).
(2014) The mathematical proof of this concept was realized in 2006 by theoretical physicist Abhay Ashtekar who applied the theory of loop quantum gravity to the singularity at the beginning of the Big Bang and was able to avoid the singularity, opening the pathway to previous iterations of some type of universe. More recently in 2013, Jorge Pullin and Rodolfo Gambini were successful in applying the same model to the singularities described as at the center of black holes.
The entire universe should be able to be treated as a larger case of Schrodinger’s Uncertainly Principle where a portion of the universe (our known universe) may appear for a short period of time (15-40 billion years) as a particle only to lapse into its separate wave functions to reappear at some other place at some other point in time by a higher cosmic law that may be outside our realm of empirical knowledge.